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Decentralised Renewable Energy in the Indian Context
Government is also planning to decentralise the management of the it does not purport to be a blueprint that would be pursued during the
electricity delivery system in rural and semi-urban areas. While several next 20 years and beyond. However, it proposes a direction to deliver
pilot-scale models are being designed and implemented in India to positive changes in both the short and longer term:
showcase the viability of distributed generation schemes, this would
not be sufficient to include them in the national planning process • Through the Statement, priorities have been proposed that would
unless a clear framework and roadmap containing technical, reflect the aims of national energy security and energy
financial, implementation and regulatory aspects is developed. The independence. In doing so, the role of RE has been placed in its
Draft Renewable Energy Policy, Rural Electricity Supply Technologies proper perspective vis-à-vis those of competing sources, whether
Mission and the Electricity Bill 2001 are good starting points. conventional or nuclear.
However, a national policy on distributed generation (DG) that • It has been recognised that current deployment has tended more
comprehensively takes into account the nature of diverse rural towards replacement of coal rather than oil. However, India’s priority
situations is needed. Such a policy should look at: appropriate RE and has to be the development of substitutes for liquid, gaseous and solid
distributed generation technologies for providing electricity access; fossil fuels, in that order. The Statement proposes a policy direction
the necessary institutional and financial arrangements for facilitating that would facilitate a realignment of our deployment priorities.
the same; the extent to which reforms and restructuring could affect • Furthermore, it has also been recognised that RE development in
DG in rural areas, and finally, the linkages of all of the above with the India has lagged somewhat behind deployment. Consequently,
economic and social development of rural communities.
the country remains a net importer of new and renewable energy
systems/devices, although in biomass gasification it has attained
The draft New and Renewable Energy Policy Statement 2005 has been a leadership position. The Statement proposes a policy direction
in the making for some time now. Although the statement attempts for making the new and renewable energy sector a net foreign
to set a strategic vision for new and renewable energy in the country, exchange earner by 2021–2022.
1. www.teri.in.org 5. Smith KR, Bio-fuels, Air Pollution and Health – A Global Review, 9. Chatterjee S, Hadi AS, Sensitivity Analysis in Linear Regression,
2. Goldemberg J, World Energy Assessment: Energy and the Plenum Press, New York, 1987. John Wiley and Sons, Inc, 1988.
Challenge of Sustainability, United Nations Department of 6. www.ipcc.ch/pub/online.htm 10. mnes.nic.in/Policy%20forward.htm
Economic and Social Affairs, World Energy Council, 2000. 7 www.ipcc.ch/pub/online.htm 11. Chaurey A, Ramakrishna Mission Initiative Impact Study, Final
3. www.worldwatch.org 8. Lele SM, Sustainable development: A critical review, World Report under the contract NREL/SR-520-28601, 2002.
4. mospi.nic.in/nsso_testi.htm Development,1991;19(6):607–21. 12. mnes.nic.in/Policy%20forward.htm
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